Geode Cracking

Inside a geodeGeodes are a great way to show children and adults how minerals are formed.

Geodes are rocks that are plain on the outside but can have beautiful crystals on the inside. In the Greek language, geode means “shape of the earth”, and geodes are round like earth or oblong like an egg. They can be a couple inches or several feet in size.

Geodes are created in the hollow areas of soil such as animal burrows or tree roots. They are also formed in the bubbles in volcanic rock. Over time, dissolved minerals seep into a hollow area and harden into an outer shell creating the geode. The minerals continue to form on the inside walls of the shell, growing towards the center. The most common dissolved mineral is quartz, but amethyst and other minerals are also found.

Geodes can have many colors depending upon the type of crystal. Purple is a typical color for amethyst. Because crystals have flat, clear surfaces with many facets, they reflect light and have a beautiful sparkle.

At each of the Cave and Mine Adventure locations, you can buy a small 2-inch geode for a few  dollars to large geodes for several $100s.